The world produces more than enough food for everyone and yet the global system by which food is produced, distributed and consumed is failing to meet the needs of much of the world’s population. Some 868 million are hungry. These people live mainly in sub-saharan africa and south asia. Hunger is not just about how much you eat, but also receiving the essential nutrients to keep you healthy. Over 2 billion people suffer from lack of essential micronutrients. Undernutrition, coupled with illness, causes 2.3 million children to die unnecessarily every year. For many of those that survive, long-term undernutrition causes irreversible damage since the lack of nutritious food, coupled with infection, impairs their physical and cognitive development. Stunting stands at more than a quarter of all children. Hunger is endemic, and the trends are not positive. while change is in the right direction, it is glacially slow. Although the proportion of the world’s people that are hungry has gone down, the world is off track to meet the millennium promise to halve hunger by 2015.
The IF campaign is a huge coalition of over 100 development organisations, including CARLA International, who share the vision of a world where everyone has enough nutritious food to eat. We are calling on Prime Minister David Cameron to use the UK’s G8 presidency in 2013 to take action on the root causes of the hunger crisis in the poorest countries. The ‘IF’ movement challenges the Prime Minister to tackle 4 big IFs to help there be enough food for everyone:
The Republic of The Gambia is a low-income and food-deficient country. With more than 30 percent of the population undernourished, poverty is recognised as being closely related to food insecurity. Undernourishment is especially severe in children where there is a 22 percent prevalence of chronic child malnutrition. The causes are associated with inadequate local food production, poor financial income, and rising imported food prices. With the onset of the Sahel crisis in April 2012, crop harvests fell by more than 56 percent, which has resulted in 35 percent of the population being food insecure.
Relevant Stats Human Development Rank: 168 out of 187
Total population: 1,728,000 Population living on less than $1.25 a day: 56.7%
Population working in Agriculture: >70%
Population food insecure: 35%
Prevelance of child Malnutrition: >27.3%
Infant mortality rate: 57.6%
The Sahel crisis
The Sahel is a zone of African countries just south of the Sahara, including Senegal, Gambia, Mali, Burkina Faso, Mauritania, Nigeria, Chad, Niger and northern Cameroon. The region is among the poorest and most underdeveloped in the world. It is characterized by extremely low levels of seasonal rainfall. In recent years, rainfall has decreased even further and become more erratic. Since 2012, the Sahel has struggled with catastrophic levels of food insecurity putting 8 million people at risk of hunger. This emergency has pushed the region into a full-fledged humanitarian crisis.
Multiple and complex factors have contributed to the deteriorating situation in the Sahel, including: • Drought has resulted in poor harvests, with 56 per cent less crops than last year. The annual lean season is expected to begin earlier than usual. • Subsistence agriculture provides the main livelihood for many people across the region, making them heavily dependent on markets and vulnerable to price volatility. • In the absence of storage facilities and loans, many farmers have no choice but to sell their crops the moment they are ready at extremely low prices and buy the same products later at high prices. • The effect of exchange rates is limiting the regional flow of food. • Food shortages have triggered rises in food prices in markets. Corn prices in the Sahel are 60 to 85 percent higher than average prices over the last five years, at this time of year. • Communities are still vulnerable, having not yet had a chance to re-capitalise their lost assets from the food crisis of 2009-2010. Trapped in a downward spiral of debt, asset loss and malnutrition, the poorest families lack the means to improve their resilience to these recurring crises. • The crisis is occurring in a region of underlying acute poverty, where every year more than 27 percent of children suffer from malnutrition and more than half the population lives on less than a dollar a day.
International Development Training Courses
we force governments and investors to be honest and open about the
deals they make in the poorest countries that stop people getting
governments keep their promises on aid, invest to stop children dying
from malnutrition and help the poorest people feed themselves through
investment in small farmers.
we stop poor farmers being forced off their land, and use the available
agricultural land to grow food for people, not biofuels for cars.
governments stop big companies dodging tax in poor countries, so that
millions of people can free themselves from hunger.
Click here to join the campaign
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